In 1989, the Berne Convention entered into force in the United States. Since then, U.S. authors automatically receive copyright on their works, with no registration required. However, many U.S. copyright texts have not been updated and still reflect the old principle of registration. The Copyright Act LFN 2004 is the main law that regulates and protects copyright in Nigeria, while the regulatory body that oversees copyright registration in Nigeria is the Nigerian Copyright Commission (NCC). The Copyright Act (the Act) contains provisions relating to the protection, transfer, infringement and remedies for copyright infringement in Nigeria. Except where questions 2.2 or 2.3 apply, copyright is originally owned by the author, except for works created by, or under the direction or control of, a government, or a prescribed governmental agency or international body. Such works shall be the principal property in the name of the Federal Republic of Nigeria with that Government, on behalf of the State concerned, with the authority of the State or, as the case may be, with the international body concerned, and not with the author. A copyright is a legal right that grants the creator of an original work the exclusive right to use and distribute it, usually for a limited time. c. Publicly post any material that infringes copyright in accordance with subsection (1) of this Subsection. The copyright application is submitted to the Board Office along with the prescribed fee, a completed registration form and copies of the copyrighted work.

The entertainment industry is dominated by performers, but the legal protection afforded to this category is not as clear as the legal protection afforded to authors of copyrighted works. Although performers are recognized as major players in the creative and entertainment industries, their rights are seen simply as complementary to or close to general copyright law. Performers` rights are therefore called related rights. These rights are complementary to copyright, i.e. they are closely related to, but distinct from, copyright. They aim to protect people who complement the efforts of authors of works of the mind by making them available to the public. At present, there are no significant problems related to the enforcement and enforcement of copyright with respect to digital content. ii.

Registered collecting societies should be encouraged to work with organizations to formulate anti-piracy strategies. This will promote an effective reward system that is crucial for the development and dissemination of knowledge, which is perhaps the main objective of copyright law. A collecting society mechanism should be established and the Commission should assist in the establishment of a collecting society for each category of copyright holders. An assignment or license granted by a copyright owner has the effect of being also granted by its co-owner and, subject to a contract between them, the fees received from the beneficiaries are equitably shared among all the co-owners. 4.2 Are there ancillary copyrights related to copyright, such as moral rights, and if so, what do they protect, and can they be cancelled or assigned? Copyright is the right to copy and publish a particular work. The terms “copy” and “publish” are quite broad. This includes copying in electronic form, creating translated versions, creating a television program based on the work, and publishing the work on the Internet. A work is protected by copyright if it is a literary or artistic work. This general expression includes almost all the products of creative and original effort. Copyright only protects the specific expression of an idea, not the idea itself. A collection of facts may be protected by copyright if creative activity was necessary when compiling the collection.

Several countries provide separate protection for collections of facts that can be considered “databases”, but this provision cannot be considered copyright. Copyright protection is automatic when the work is created. In some countries, registration with a copyright office has additional benefits, such as the ability to sue or get more money for damages. When a work`s copyright period ends, the work enters the public domain. viii. The current penalties for criminal copyright infringement are very low. The amendment to sections 20, 21, 23, 30 and 33 for which an upward revision is recommended. The sentence to be imposed should be such as to deter offenders and the amount to be imposed should reflect the economic realities of the time. European countries follow the principle that copyright protection is automatically granted when the work is created. This principle was first set out in the Berne Convention (1886).

The Berne Convention (Article 5) expressly prohibits any member country from requiring formal measures to protect copyright. The owner of a copyright in a musical work has an exclusive right in the acts referred to in Article 6(1)(a) of the NCA, subject to the exceptions set out in the second Schedule of the NCA. These acts include reproduction of the work, publication of the work, performance of the work in public, public exhibition of the work, preparation of derivative works, commercial distribution of the work by rental, rental, lending or similar agreements, communication of the work to the public by means of a loudspeaker or other similar device, translation/editing of the work and making of a cinematographic film or recording relating to the work. Thus, a composer of music receives the right to record the music, sell or distribute copies of the music in various formats, broadcast the music, perform the music publicly, create new works from the original work, such as sampling his music, create a new song, among others. Copyright in musical works also extends to the prohibition on others performing any of these acts without their own permission. In Musical Copyright Society (Nig) Ltd v. Details (Nig) Ltd, the plaintiff purported to act for different copyright owners and attempted to prevent the defendant from processing the same works. At the hearing, it was learned that they had previously applied unsuccessfully to be registered with the Nigerian Copyright Commission. The action was dismissed because the Court ruled that the plaintiff was unable to bring an action. No, there have been no decisions or legislative changes on the role of copyright in artificial intelligence systems. 2.1 Who is the first owner of the copyright in each of the protected works (except where questions 2.2 or 2.3 apply)? The introduction of these two elements, in particular the appointment of copyright inspectors, whose powers include entering, inspecting and searching buildings, questioning suspects and arresting persons reasonably suspected of counterfeiting, as well as prosecuting such offenders, is a positive development. It is a living legal framework for copyright and trademark protection, an effective regulatory system and a regime for compliance enforcement and practical expression within the administrative and legal framework of the copyright system.

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