The Sanskrit word vidya means wisdom or knowledge – wisdom gained through deep practice and experience. The prefix a indicates an impairment or absence. In the yogic sense, avidya means something that goes far beyond ordinary ignorance. Avidya is a fundamental blindness to reality. The fundamental ignorance we call Avidya is not a lack of information, but the inability to experience your deep connection to others, to the source of being and to your true self. Avidya has many layers and levels that work in different ways. We see it go through every aspect of our lives – in our survival strategies, our relationships, our cultural biases, the things we hunger for and fear. All forms of ignorance and obscured perception are forms of Avidya. But behind each of Avidya`s manifestations is the inability to realize that you are essentially spirit and that you share this with every atom in the universe. About our expertSally Kempton is an internationally recognized teacher of meditation and yoga philosophy and author of Meditation for the Love of It. Vidya is a Sanskrit word meaning “knowledge,” “clarity,” or “higher education.” The term is used to describe both intellectual knowledge acquired through study (apara vidya) and spiritual or higher knowledge (para vidya) leading to enlightenment, which is the goal of yoga.
The ultimate goal of yoga is the realization of the true self. This consciousness manifests itself in cosmic love, a sense of oneness with all creation and the experience of pure being, unfailing knowledge and infinite bliss. Hatha Yoga (Sanskrit हठयोग Template:IPA), also known as Hatha Vidya (हठविद्या), is a special yoga system introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a sage of India in the 15th century and author of Hatha Yoga Pradipika. In this article, Swatmarama presents Hatha Yoga as “a staircase to the heights of Raja Yoga”, a preparatory stage of physical cleansing that prepares the body for the practice of higher meditation. The asanas and pranayama of Raja Yoga were what Hindu yogis used to physically train their bodies during long periods of meditation. This practice is called Shatkarma. The word Hatha is a combination of the words Ha and Tha meaning sun and moon (हकारः कीर्तिततः सूर्यष्ठकारश्चंद्र उच्यते | सूाााााााााााातऍाश्चंत हााश्चंत हााातऍश्चंत हचंद्रऍरऍचंद्र उच्यते सूत ्यचंद्रमसोर्योगाद्धठयोग निगद्यते || ), referring to Praana and Apaana, as well as the main Nadis (energy channels) of the subtle body, which must be fully functional in order to reach a state of Dhyana or Samadhi. According to the Monier Moneir-Williams Sanskrit dictionary, the word “hatha” means powerful. This is a strong practice for cleaning. In other respects, Hatha Yoga follows the same principles as Patanjali`s Raaja Yoga, including Yama moral restraint and Niyama spiritual customs. Hatha yoga is what most Westerners associate with the word “yoga” and is practiced for mental and physical health throughout the West. Jnana Yoga, the yoga of knowledge, is the philosophical approach.
It asks questions such as: Who am I? Where am I going? What is the meaning of life? What is real? What is happiness? In Jnana Yoga, practices are given to help you experience the truth intuitively. Yoga ~ Mandiram Yoga ~ Mandiram offers yoga teacher training programs and yoga retreats in India and Thailand. Their yoga school in Chiang Mai offers training programs of 200, 300 and 500 hours, all recognized by the Yoga Alliance. Hatha represents opposing energies: hot and cold (fire and water, according to the same concept as yin-yang), masculine and feminine, positive and negative. Hatha Yoga seeks to balance the mind and body through physical exercises or “asanas”, controlled breathing and calm the mind through relaxation and meditation. Asanas teach balance, balance and strength and are practiced to improve the physical health of the body and clear the mind in preparation for meditation in the pursuit of enlightenment. Kundalini Yoga, the yoga of energy, describes the astral body with its chakras and Nadis (meridians). Kundalini Yoga offers exercises to cleanse the astral body, increase prana and harmonize the chakras.
When one is prepared, the powerful Kundalini energy awakens. At this time, you may experience overwhelming extrasensory perceptions, a strong sense of bliss, the expansion of consciousness, and the deployment of new abilities. Everyone is responsible for doing something to improve their lives. Yoga offers you a variety of exercises and exercises. It`s up to you to decide how far you want to go with yoga. Those who “only” want to relax and feel good are welcome and can achieve this with a little time and effort. If you want to go further, you have to work harder. Yoga is not a magic pill, but leads you to your desired goal with systematic practice. In terms of Hatha Yoga and Kundalini Science (Kundalini~), Tree Pose ucchara facilitates the stimulation of udana vayu – the metabolic tendencies that stimulate vital energy in the body. When we stay in balance, our prana (life force) increases, and this is easily felt in the balance postures of yoga. In Hinduism, goddesses are personifications of the deepest level of power and energy. The concept of Shakti, in its most abstract terms, refers to the energetic principle of ultimate reality, the dynamic aspect of the Divine.
This concept appears in the Kena Upanishad as the goddess Umā, who grants Indra Brahma-vidya; When associated with Shakti and Maya, she embodies the power of illusion (Maya), which encompasses ignorance (Avidya) and knowledge (Vidyā) and thus presents herself with a split personality. According to the Saktas, Māyā is fundamentally a positive, creative and magical energy of the goddess who gives birth to the universe. The ten Mahāvidyās are confederates or personifications of transcendent and liberating religious knowledge; the term Vidyā in this context refers to power, the essence of reality and mantras. The gentle and maternal forms of the goddess Sri Vidyā are “right-handed”.  When the consciousness of the “outside” (Shiva) in combination with the “I” encompasses the entire space as “I”, it is called Sada-Siva-Tattva. If later, when the abstraction of the self and the exterior is rejected, a clear identification with the sensible space takes place, it is called isvara-tattva; The study of these last two stages is pure Vidyā (knowledge).  Māyā, identified with Prakrti in the Shvetashvatara Upanishad, represents his three Gunas; Also identified with avidyā, which means concept primarily the dark abyss of non-being and secondarily the mysterious darkness of the unmanifested state, binds Māyā through avidyā and liberates through vidyā.  Hatha Yoga contains the well-known practices of yoga: asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing exercises) and deep relaxation.